The average fall in that stretch is slightly more than 1 foot per mile (20 cm per km) and becomes increasingly rapid in the last 100 miles (160 km) before the river reaches the North China Plain at the city of Zhengzhou in Henan province. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Those shallow lakes, each covering an area of about 400 square miles (1,000 square km), are rich in fish and freeze over in winter. Antonyms for Yellow River, China. Between 608 BC and 1938 AD, the Yellow River changed course 26 times, and flooded over 1,500 times. Get a Britannica Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content. Explore connections. The name "Yellow River" comes from the huge amounts of "yellow" loess sediment it carries when flowing through the Loess Plateau. A river of northern China rising in the Kunlun Mountains and flowing about 5,400 km generally eastward to the Bohai Sea. The headwaters of this mighty river lie in Kunlun Mountains in northwestern Qinghai Province. Along the Yellow River, there are numerous historic and ancient attractions, and stunning scenery. Yellow River, China: see Huang He Huang He, Hwang Ho, or Yellow River, great river of N China, c.3,000 mi (4,830 km) long, rising in the twin lakes Gyaring and Ngoring in the Kunlun Mts., NW Qinghai prov..... Click the link for more information.. It has become so polluted in some reaches that it is unfit for agricultural and industrial use, because of the huge increase in factory and sewage discharges from China's fast-expanding cities. Senior Scientist, State Hydrological Institute, St. Petersburg. The Yellow River is 5,464 kilometers (3,398 miles) long, stretching west–east 1900 km (1,180 miles), and meandering north–south 1,100 km (684 miles). What are synonyms for Yellow River, China? The Yellow River flows through the city. The Yellow River is the most important water resource for the dry north of China, playing an irreplaceable role in economic development, and agriculture. The broad highlands of the upper course rise 1,000 to 1,700 feet (300 to 500 metres) above the river and its tributaries. This includes data values and the controlled vocabularies that house them. China Area In the past, tourists came here to see the desert-like scenery. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. The Yellow River (Huang He) is regarded as the ‘Mother of China’. But in recent years, with the treatment of the Yellow River, tourists are coming for one more purpose: to see the "green" Yellow River. © 1998-2020 China Highlights — Discovery Your Way! The middle course of the Yellow River, extending more than 1,800 miles (2,900 km), consists of a great loop and drains an area of about 23,000 square miles (60,000 square km). China’s Huang He (Yellow River) is the most sediment-filled river on Earth. The Yellow River (Huang He) basin and the Yangtze River (Chang Jiang) basin and their drainage networks. In Qinghai area, where its source is, the river's Tibetan name is "River of the Peacock". The Yellow River in that region flows generally from west to east. The plateau contains terraced slopes as well as alluvial plains and a scattering of peaks sometimes rising more than 1,500 feet (450 metres) above the plateau. Before damming, it was extremely prone to flooding, and had caused millions of deaths, including the deadliest disaster in human history. Its basin was the center of Chinese politics, economy and culture for over 2,000 years. In China, people sometimes refer to the Yellow River as the River of Sorrow or the Scourge of the Sons of Han. 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