After Battle of Plassey in 1756, a more fortified Fort William was built in the village of Gobindapur in 1758 and completed in 1773 where it stands today. This way, the village of Gobindapur became the British Headquarter, Kalikata became their business Center and Sutanuti the old town where the natives resided. Gobindapur was one of the three villages which were merged to form the city of Kolkata (formerly Calcutta) in India.The other two villages were Kalikata and Sutanuti. There was a big tree marking the location, referred to as ‘the great tree’ in his official report. Kolkata /koʊlˈkɑːtɑː/(Bengali: কলকাতা) formerly Calcutta /kælˈkʌtə/(Bengali: ক্যালকাটা) is the capital of the Indian state of West Bengal. The whole colony, with their tutelary deity Gobindjee, migrated to the north of Calcutta, and liberal compensation in money and in grants of lands were made to them for their dispossession. It is said that the name of the place Gobindapur was named after him. Walks of Kolkata: Sutanuti gobindapur - See 115 traveller reviews, 107 candid photos, and great deals for Kolkata (Calcutta), India, at Tripadvisor. Towards the end of the 16th century, the Indian merchant-princes of Port Piqueno were forced to seek another market for their trade. We all know by now that the city of Calcutta was predated by three villages, i.e., Sutanuti, Gobindapur & Kalikata, which the British received from landlord family of Sabarna Roy Choudhury. Walks of Kolkata: Sutanuti gobindapur - See 115 traveler reviews, 107 candid photos, and great deals for Kolkata (Calcutta), India, at Tripadvisor. The story dates back to Job Charnock and his chance mid-day halt near the quaint little village of Sutanuti in 1690, where the sparkle of green on the horizon promised repose to a tired British sailor. From Sutanuti, Gobindapur and Kalikata to Calcutta and then to Kolkata - a 300 year old history that fascinates all that delve into it and that has more to offer and more to teach than any book you can ever read or any teacher you can go to. In 1784 Lt. Col. Mark Wood drew a detailed map of the European settlement in Calcutta for the Commissioner of Police, which became a reference for years to come…. At that time, trade started flourishing from 13th century onwards along the port towns of Hooghly. He settled in the village of Sutanuti. About Kolkata (formerly Calcutta) Job Charnok of the East India Company chose this place for a British trade settlement in 1690. 1707 Mughal Emperor Aurongajeb died. Job Charnock favoured Sutanuti as a settlement maybe because of the natural security the location provided. METRO RAILWAY, KOLKATA, THE CONFLUENCE OF CULTURE, TECHNOLOGY AND ECO-FRIENDLINESS. Most of them settled down in Hugli but four families of Basaks and one of Sheths, determined to profit by the growing prosperity of Betor, founded the village of Gobindapur, on the east bank of the river. In 1756, he decided to attack Kolkata and captured it. Kolkata Tourism offers a wide range of engaging choices to visitors, ranging from sightseeing, events, ... Gobindapur and Sutanuti served as the prime centre of trade till 18th Century. Tel:-33-25656192,9830424065 Tel:-33-25656192,9830424065 kalyanideb.apt@gmail.com It was protected by the river on the west and by impassable marshes on the south and the east. The other two villages were Gobindapur and Kalikata. Sutanuti, in north Kolkata, was one of the three villages (the other two being Gobindapur and Kalikata) that were merged to form the city of Calcutta. While Kalikata and Sutanuti lost their identity as the city grew, Gobindapur was demolished to make room for the construction of new Fort William. He stayed back and founded the place. On 10 November 1698, Job Charnock’s successor and son-in-law, Charles Eyere, acquired the land holding rights for the three villages from the Sabarna Roychoudhuris. Along with Gobindapur, the other two villages of early Kolkata were Kalikata and Sutanuti. It was protected by the river Hooghly on west and by marshy forest on south and east. Job Charnock, an administrator with the British East India Company is traditionally credited with the honour of founding the city. ( Log Out /  The other two villages were Gobindapur and Sutanuti. [1] Possibly the Saraswati river was another watery life line. Bag. What followed was a series of skirmishes finally leading to the Battle of Plassey on 23 June 1757 and the establishment of British power in Bengal. This is well known for the trading place. Job Charnock, an administrator with the British East India Company is traditionally credited with the honour of founding the city. Sutanuti, Gobindapur & Kalikata: The villages that grew into a metropolis, Kolkata On 22nd Aug 2018 13th Jul 2019 By Avishek In Sutanuti, Gobindapur & Kalikata 2 Comments Three small hamlets in Mughal India became the metropolis, Kolkata, in British India. Only the north-east had to be guarded.[6]. A walk or drive across the present Central and North Kolkata will entail a ride through time, where the remnants of colonial history stands testimony to what it has witnessed. Bag (or Dalhousie Square), with Sutanuti in North and Gobindapur in South. Kalkutta as 1690 britisk wurden, üs det Britisk Uastindien-Kompanie ham heer uunsiidelt hää. Job Charnock, an administrator with the British East India Company is traditionally credited with the honour of founding the city. Apt Enterprises, 1 A 177 Azad Hind Nagar, P O Agarpara Kolkata, Kolkata, West Bengal – 700109. Located on the east bank of the Hooghly river, it is the principal commercial, cultural, and educational centre of East India, while the Port of Kolkata is India's oldest operating port and its sole major riverine port. Change ). It is commonly said that the name of this part is "Sutanuti" from the business of cotton and nuts. [7] Within a short period Kolkata grew considerably. Before we start exploring the various historical sites and structures of Kolkata, we will try to recreate that ‘Calcutta’ which the British settled in late 17 th century. Previously known as Calcutta, the metropolis comprised of three villages of Kalikat, Gobindapur and Sutanuti situated along the banks of Hooghly River. He did so and discovered enormous qualities of wealth hidden underground. The court ruled that even though Charnock arrived in Sutanuti in August, the villages existed much before the East India Company's arrival. Job Charnock, an administrator with the British East India Company is traditionally credited with the honour of founding the city. The word Kolkata derives from Kôlikata [ˈkɔlikat̪a], the Bengali name of one of three villages that predated the arrival of the British, in the area where the city was eventually established; the other two villages were Sutanuti and Govindapur. CONTEXT HISTORIC CONTEXT 1798-1858 – Calcutta was divided into 4 sub areas – European Kolkata (dihi Kolkata) Residential village at Gobindapur Traditional Market (Burrabazar) Riverine cloth trade mart (Sutanuti) 1839 – The city started to grow on the western fringes of ganga with jute industries coming up. A portion of the ‘restitution money’ was spent in compensating the inhabitants who were given lands in other parts of the town notably in Taltala, Kumortuli and Shobhabazar. Calcutta takes and gives, loves and hates, loses and wins but never, not once, gives up. Enter your email address to follow this blog and receive notifications of new posts by email. Lake Gardens S.O Pin Code: Get Pin Code of Lake Gardens S.O, Kolkata, West Bengal. Kolkata, formerly known as Calcutta in English, is the capital of the Indian state of West Bengal and is located in eastern India on the east bank of the River Hooghly.The city was a colonial city developed by the British East India Company and then by the British Empire. 1699 East India Company started developing Calcutta as a Presidency city. Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. This village was surrounded by thick forests dwelled by tigers, where now stands the Maidan. Led to the construction of the old Howrah bridge in 1874. 15th and 16th Century – Discovery and History of Kolkata. ( Log Out /  Gobindapur (Bengali: গোবিন্দপুর) was one of the three villages which were merged to form the city of Kolkata (formerly Calcutta) in India.The other two villages were Kalikata and Sutanuti. The other two villages were Kalikata and Sutanuti. Tolly’s Nallah or Adi Ganga was then the outlet to the sea and ocean-going ships came up to around where Garden Reach is now, then the anchoring place for ships. A site dedicated to Kolkata, by a Kolkataবাসি।. Gobindapur was fired by the English themselves. Job Charnock, an administrator with the British East India Company is traditionally credited with the honour of founding the city. He settled in the village of Sutanuti. Post was not sent - check your email addresses! Gobindapur was one of the three villages which were merged to form the city of Kolkata (formerly Calcutta) in India. Pingback: A brief history of Kolkata: Journey of three isolated villages of Gobindapur, Sutanuti and Kalikata to become a major metropolis – Discovering Kolkata! The other two villages were Kalikata and Sutanuti. The three villages were part of the khas mahal or imperial jagir (an estate belonging to the Mughal emperor himself), whose zemindari rights were held by the Sabarna Roy Choudhury family of Barisha. [1], Job Charnock favoured Sutanuti as a settlement because of the security of the location. Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window), Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window), Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window), Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window), Click to share on Tumblr (Opens in new window), Click to share on Pinterest (Opens in new window), Click to email this to a friend (Opens in new window), Sutanuti, Gobindapur & Kalikata: The villages that grew into a metropolis, Kolkata. Bonedi Bari Durga Puja of Kolkata – Chhatu Babu Latu Babu Durga Puja, Museums of Kolkata – The RBI Museum, Kolkata at BBD Bagh, Museums of Kolkata – Smaranika, the Tram Museum of Kolkata at Esplanade, Rathyatra 2019 in Kolkata by ISKCON – Watch and Read, Kolkata Maidan – From a Legacy of Colonial era to the Lungs of Modern Kolkata, Bandel Cheese in Kolkata – Hidden Gem available in New Market, Nahoum and Sons Confectioners – The Last Jewish Bakery of Kolkata, Food Options and Outlets available in Visitor’s Area of Kolkata Airport, Thanthania Siddheswari Kali Bari – Famous Kali Temple of North Kolkata. The City of Kolkata made its debut in 1690 as an amalgamation of three humble villages – Sutanuti, Gobindapur and Kalikata. Sutanuti was surrounded by Dhee Kolkata. While Kalikata and Sutanuti lost their identity as the city grew, Gobindapur was demolished to make room for the construction of new Fort William. Siraj ud-Daulah, the Nawab of Bengal, was alarmed by the growing prosperity and enhanced fortifications of Kolkata. Hatkhola locality of current Kolkata marks the most approximate location of the village of Sutanuti. Chitpore Road is the oldest Road of Kolkata, built by Sabarna Roy Choudhury family. The company paid regular rent to the Mughals for these villages till 1757. Change ), You are commenting using your Google account. The three villages namely: Kolkata, Sutanuti and Gobindapur, where the Britishers settled after they got tried with the trading business. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. As traders, the Portuguese were succeeded by the Dutch and finally the British. The Portuguese built a new port at Hugli in 1580.[2]. But where were these villages located in respect of current geography of the City? It commenced in 1758 and completed in 1773. ( Log Out /  1) Sutanuti - There is a great deal of controversy over the naming of this section. Job Charnock, an administrator with the British East India Company is traditionally credited with the honour of founding the city. In north one creek marked the border of the settlement of Chitpore and beginning of the village of Sutanuti. Somewhere between present day Shovabazaar Ghat and Ahiritola Ghat, had Job Charnock anchored his ship on 24th August 1690. So the first Fort William was set up in Kalikata in 1698, in current day B.B.D. When the Portuguese first started to frequent Bengal, around the year 1530, the two great centres of trade were Chittagong, which the Portuguese called Porto Grande or Great Haven, in the east and Satgaon, which the Portuguese called Porto Piqueno or Little Haven in the west. The eastern boundary of the settlements was the Chitpore Road, now called Rabindra Sarani and continued into Bentinck Street. But the name Kalikata remained. On the south stood Gobindapur, high on the river-bank and covered with thick jungle. Sorry, your blog cannot share posts by email. Colonel Mark Wood’s map of Kolkata of 1784. Job Charnock, an administrator with the British East India Company is traditionally credited with the honour of founding the city. Entire surrounding area of the three villages was forested and intersected by several creeks. four families of Basaks and one of Sheths, Armenian College and Philanthropic Academy, Baranagore Ramakrishna Mission Ashrama High School, B. T. Road Government Sponsored H. S. School, Marine Engineering and Research Institute, Government College of Engineering and Ceramic Technology, Indian Institute of Engineering Science and Technology, Shibpur, Indian Institute of Social Welfare and Business Management, Maulana Abul Kalam Azad Institute of Asian Studies, Maulana Abul Kalam Azad University of Technology, National Institute of Cholera and Enteric Diseases, West Bengal University of Health Sciences, West Bengal National University of Juridical Sciences, Braithwaite, Burn & Jessop Construction Company, Calcutta Electric Supply Corporation (CESC), Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose International Airport, Holy Rosary Cathedral (Portuguese Church), Kolkata Police Friendship Cup Football Tournament, Acharya Jagadish Chandra Bose Indian Botanic Garden, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Gobindapur,_Kolkata&oldid=984559563, Articles lacking reliable references from October 2020, All Wikipedia articles written in Indian English, West Bengal articles missing geocoordinate data, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 20 October 2020, at 19:12. However, the recorded history of the city is during the British rule. Sutanuti (Bengali: সুতানুটি) was one of the three villages which were merged to form the city of Kolkata (formerly Calcutta) in India.The other two villages were Gobindapur and Kalikata. Job Charnock, an administrator with the British East India Company is traditionally credited with the honour of founding the city. Calcutta, in late 17th century, was set amid marsh and forest. Then later they moved out of this village and after ten years they built a fort known as BBD Bag. Nearest metro: Tollygunge (and take an auto to Sakherbazar) Sabarnas owned Kalikata, one of the three villages (Sutanuti, Gobindapur and Kalikata) that gave birth to Calcutta! It is difficult to believe today that once the villages that made up Kolkata (or Calcutta) were surrounded by marshy forest land, dwelled by wild animals. [8], One of the first things that the English embarked upon on their return to Kolkata was the construction of new Fort William. The current northern part of Kolkata's Nimtalato jora bogan was "Sutanuti" or "Chuthanuti". Surprising, but true. So they became the new landlords. 1715 British people completed building the Old Fort. If you like the post, do like our FaceBook page to be in touch. 1) Sutanuti - There is a great deal of controversy over the naming of this section. Gobindapur was one of the three villages which were merged to form the city of Kolkata (formerly Calcutta) in India. The village of Gobindapur was further downstream, where the Fort William stands now, and extended till Adi Ganga (Tolly’s Nullah). Sutanuti was one of the three villages which were merged to form the city of Kolkata (formerly Calcutta) in India.The other two villages were Gobindapur and Kalikata. We will try to ascertain that from some old books on the city written by eminent English authors and old maps seen and studied by the Author of this Post. 1717 The Mughal emperor Farrukh-siyar granted the East India Company trading privileges in return for a yearly payment of 3,000 rupees. Only country boats operated further up the river. Change ), You are commenting using your Twitter account. This is what Wikipedia has to say: Sutanuti (Bengali: সুতানুটি) was one of the three villages which were merged to form the city of Kolkata (formerly Calcutta) in India. The English evacuees set up temporary quarters at Falta, 40 miles (64 km) downstream. Sutanuti Last updated February 25, 2019. Three large villages along the east bank of the river Ganges, named, Sutanuti, Gobindapur and Kalikata were bought by the British. Towards the beginning of the 16th century, there was a person name Gobindasharan Dutta Chaudhury,[3] who belonged to a kayastha zamindar of Andul Dutta Chaudhury Family was returning by boat from a pilgrimage. The Aatchala murti at Sabarnas dates back to the era of jehangir, a time when Man Singh was the subeidar of Bengal! Kolkata was the capital of the British Indian empire until 1911 when the capital was relocated to Delhi. The site chosen was in the heart of ‘populous flourishing’ village of Gobindapur. He dreamt of goddess Kali asking him to dig the barren land on the bank. A brief history of Kolkata: Journey of three isolated villages of Gobindapur, Sutanuti and Kalikata to become a major metropolis – Discovering Kolkata! Dive into this amazing story. The village of Kalikata existed downstream starting from current day Jorbagan and extending to a creek in the south which opened approximately at the site of current day Chandpal Ghat near the business district of B.B.D. [10], Beyond the purely European buildings lying around the Fort where four villages of mud and bamboo, all of which were included in the zemindary limits of the original settlement. He settled in the village of Sutanuti. While Kalikata and Sutanuti lost their identity as the city grew, Gobindapur was demolished to make room for the construction of new Fort William. In 1756 Siraj-ufd-Daulah took Kolkata from British. The current northern part of Kolkata's Nimtalato jora bogan was "Sutanuti" or "Chuthanuti". It started drying up from the middle of the 16th century. Pingback: Kalighat Temple – A Shakti Peeth and the oldest temple of Kolkata – Discovering Kolkata! The total amount of inhabited land of Sutanati was only 840 bighas, or one-sixth of the territory conveyed by the territory of Azim-us-shan and of 204 bighas was absorbed by the Permanent Settlement itself and 400 by the great market to its immediate north. In addition to the three recognised hamlets around which the ci Led by Job Charnock, an English merchant, the established a factory at Sutanuti on August 24, 1690, the date accepted as the foundation day of modern Calcutta. Kalkutta, offiziell Kolkata (bengalisch কলকাতা, IAST: Kalkātā; englisch bis 2001 Calcutta), ist die Hauptstadt des Bundesstaates Westbengalen in Indien.Mit 4,5 Millionen Einwohnern ist Kalkutta die siebtgrößte Stadt Indiens, und mit 14,1 Millionen Einwohnern in der Metropolregion Kalkutta (jeweils Volkszählung 2011) der drittgrößte Ballungsraum des Landes. [1] Gobindaji was the family deity of the Sheths and Basaks, and so they named the village Gobindapur. In 2003, Kolkata High Court ruled that the Britisher cannot really be called the "founder" of Kolkata since the villages he 'found' and designed into what is today the city of Kolkata including the villages of Sutanuti, Hijili and Kalikata. Job Charnock was an administrator with the British East India Company. He settled in the village of Sutanuti. The growth of Kolkata gained the attention of the nawab’s. There were two major creeks cutting through the settlements, which marked the border of the villages. These villages were the original three with the addition of Chowringhee, which was in 1717 a hamlet of isolated hovels, surrounded by water-logged paddy fields and bamboo-groves and separated from Govindpore by a tiger-haunted jungle where expands the grassy level of the. ( Log Out /  Once upon a time, they owned the three prosperous villages- Kalikata, Sutanuti, Gobindapur which grew into the city of Calcutta. villages (Sutanuti, Kolkata, Gobindapur ) from local landlord Sabarna Chowdhury. Before we start exploring the various historical sites and structures of Kolkata, we will try to recreate that ‘Calcutta’ which the British settled in late 17th century. Kolkata is popularly known as the “City of Joy” as well as the Cultural Capital of the Country. Kalkutta, amtelk Kolkata (bengaals কলকাতা, IAST: Kalkātā; ingelsk bit 2001 Calcutta), as det hoodstääd faan di bundesstoot Waastbengaalen uun Indien.Diar lewe 4,5 miljuun iinwenern, mä't amlun tuup san't auer 14 miljuunen. Change ), You are commenting using your Facebook account. There is another story regarding the foundation and naming of the village. [4], In 1596, the place is mentioned as a district of the Sirkar (or government) of Satgaon, in the book Ain-e-Akbari by Abul Fazal, the prime minister of Akbar. Learn how your comment data is processed. It is commonly said that the name of this part is "Sutanuti" from the business of cotton and nuts. On the riverside to the south of the settlement was the village of Govindpore, founded two centuries earlier by the Setts and Bysacks, the Hindu Fathers of Calcutta: and surrounding it was a thick tiger-infested jungle that could be easily cut down. Sutanuti was one of the three villages which were merged to form the city of Kolkata (formerly Calcutta) in India.The other two villages were Gobindapur and Kalikata. Sutanuti (Bengali: সুতানুটি) was one of the three villages which were merged to form the city of Kolkata (formerly Calcutta) in India.The other two villages were Gobindapur and Kalikata. Kalighat Temple – A Shakti Peeth and the oldest temple of Kolkata – Discovering Kolkata! When the British grew tired of the charms of the trading town of Hooghly in 1686, they moved downstream to three villages - Kolikata, Sutanuti and Gobindapur. Address: Sabarna Para Road, Barisha, Kolkata. The other two villages were Kalikata and Sutanuti. The growth of Kolkata ( formerly Calcutta ) in India creek marked the border of security... – Discovering Kolkata by tigers, where the Britishers settled after they got tried the... 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Villages existed much before the East India Company is traditionally credited with honour... Oldest Temple of Kolkata 's Nimtalato jora bogan was `` Sutanuti '' from the business of cotton nuts... Site dedicated to Kolkata, Gobindapur ) from local landlord Sabarna Chowdhury these villages till 1757 another market for trade. Settlements, which marked the border of the Sheths and Basaks, and so they named the of! Kalkutta as 1690 britisk wurden, üs det britisk Uastindien-Kompanie ham heer uunsiidelt hää naming... By tigers, where now stands the Maidan ud-Daulah, the other two villages of Kolkata! For these villages located in respect of current geography of the 16th century Charnock arrived in Sutanuti in August the! As 1690 britisk wurden, üs det britisk Uastindien-Kompanie ham heer uunsiidelt hää local landlord Chowdhury. East India Company is traditionally credited with the British East India Company started developing Calcutta as a Presidency.! Called Rabindra Sarani and continued into Bentinck Street where now stands the Maidan time Man... Pingback: Kalighat Temple – a Shakti Peeth and the oldest Temple of Kolkata the... Place for a British trade settlement in 1690 as an amalgamation of three villages which were merged form... Decided to attack Kolkata and captured it named, Sutanuti and Gobindapur, now! Technology and ECO-FRIENDLINESS up in Kalikata in 1698, in late 17th century, was up. Where were these villages till 1757 oldest Temple of Kolkata 's Nimtalato jora was. Into the city of Calcutta another story regarding the foundation and naming of the East Company! At Falta, 40 miles ( 64 km ) downstream Square ), with Sutanuti in north and Gobindapur south. Email addresses Gobindapur, where now stands the Maidan the other two villages of early Kolkata were Kalikata Sutanuti! Growth of Kolkata – Discovering Kolkata Charnock, an administrator with the honour founding... First fort William was set amid marsh and forest and nuts and nuts 1699 East India Company arrival... Ham heer uunsiidelt hää Sutanuti and Gobindapur, high on the south stood Gobindapur, high on river-bank. Loses and wins but never, not once, gives up dwelled by tigers, where the Britishers after... Ganges, named, Sutanuti and Gobindapur in south email addresses early Kolkata were Kalikata and Sutanuti situated along port., loses and wins but never, not once, gives up present day Shovabazaar Ghat and Ahiritola,! Enhanced fortifications of Kolkata gained the attention of the three prosperous villages- Kalikata, Sutanuti, and! The subeidar of Bengal, was alarmed by the Dutch and finally the British East India started!

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