If using a drill, seed at 15-18 pounds per acre; if broadcasting, seed at 22-30 pounds per acre. Nitrogen applied at planting is probably beneficial in total production especially when crimson is grown in association with annual or perennial grasses. It is less than half the price of perennial clovers, but yet is still very productive. Crimson Clover Planting Information: Season: Cool. Join QDMA today! Managing crimson clover to reseed provides an opportunity to minimize the costs of seed and planting. If you are new to planting clovers, crimson clover would be a good place to start as it is highly attractive to deer, germinates well and can produce a lush food plot as a stand-alone crop or mixed with other small grains or legumes. Break Down the Brassicas to Choose the Best for Your Food Plots, Annuals, Perennials or Both for Food Plots? Excellent seeding vigor and is one of the easiest clovers to establish. Established plantings made in early fall can tolerate temperatures to 0F (-18 C) or slightly colder. 4. Prepare the garden so you can seed the clover six to eight weeks before the average first frost date in the area. Satisfactory volunteer stands and yields of crimson clover were produced for 3 years in a Coastal bermudagrass sod when the quantity of seed shattered in the spring was 40 pounds or more per acre. While crimson clover is more forgiving of poor soils, it still prefers a well-drained loamy soil. Grows to 1–3' and sports striking crimson blossoms in abundance. Planting Depth: 1/4″ Seeding Rate: 1 lb per 1,000 sq. Additional Info. per acre. In many commercial blends, the seed is pre-inoculated. By adding a few small grains to the mix, you can make an attractive, inexpensive food plot. Planting dates are August thru October in the South and March in the North. Average seeds per kg - … Sow ¼–½ inch deep in spring, summer, or fall. Use as a forage or pasture species This actual seed tag shows the information you need to calculate a practical seeding rate. If the seeding rate is too low, the stand will be thin and weedy. Crimson clover … For summer annual use, plant as soon as the danger of frost is past. For stands that are mixed with cereal crops such as wheat or oats, go with a more balanced analysis. It can also be included in a native mix to suppress annual weeds at a rate of 0.5-1# per acre. It is best to cultipack both before and after the seed is planted to ensure good soil contact. Seeds can be drilled in at a rate of 10 to 15 lbs./acre. When to Plant. Do not confuse this plant with the perennial red clover. Bob Westerfield is a faculty member in the Horticulture department for the University of Georgia. Back. When planted with another crop as a companion lower the seeding rate to 10 – 15 lbs/A . Broadcast Seeding Rate (lb./A) 22-30. Recommended seeding rates for crimson clover range from 20-30 pounds per acre. Crimson clover fixes up to 200 pounds of nitrogen per acre, and prefers well-drained, loam soils with good organic matter content for best results. Seeding rate had no effect on clover biomass, clover N content, or corn yield for both drilled and aerially‐seeded crimson clover. Rake the seed gently into the soil to a depth of 1/4 inch but no deeper than 1/2 inch. You’ll get a complete and more in-depth profile of an important food plot species in every issue of QDMA’s Quality Whitetails magazine. For winter annual use, crimson clover should be seeded 6-8 weeks before the first average frost date. Seed crimson clover at 20 to 25 pounds per acre broadcast and 15 to 20 pounds drilled. In Virginia and other temperate regions, the simplest way to establish new clover into permanent pasture is through frost seeding. Cheaper to resow than subterranean clover after long cropping phases. One additional benefit of crimson clover I have not mentioned is it’s relatively inexpensive. Seeding rates range from 10 to 15 lb/acre when seeded alone and 5 to 10 lb/acre when seeded in a mixture. It takes about 3 months to flower from sowing (12 weeks), 3-4 weeks longer than persian clover. If Crimson clover is the only clover in a mixture then the seeding rate is 12-15 lb per acre. If it is too high, establishment costs will be prohibitive. By Kent Kammermeyer, Senior Wildlife Biologist. Bob lives on a small farm in Pike County, Georgia, where he raises livestock and manages his land for whitetails and wild turkeys. Sold in 1# increments. 20 - 30 lbs. Increased soil organic matter and decreased soil erosion and surface water pollution 3. 1. Dixie Reseeding Crimson Clover Seed (Coated) - Dixie Crimson Clover is a reseeding annual clover developed by the Georgia Experiment Station at Griffin, GA. Seed can be harvested with a conventional header harvester. High seed production. All content copyright © 2019 Pennington Seed, Inc. All Rights Reserved. Possible. It has been used for a cover crop as far North as northern Maine. Fall, Spring. As a winter annual, crimson clover is seeded from summer to late fall depending on region and intended use. Crimson clover supplies a protein rich and highly palatable food source for deer and other wildlife species. Poor reseeding potential due to low hard seed production. Consequently (in lieu of a soil test), fertilizer at planting time may be estimated at 300 lbs/acre of 8-24-24 for a pure stand or 300 lbs/acre of 19-19-19 for a mixed stand. Decreased weed pressure, especially in spring and fall 4. Although an annual, it often reseeds itself and can persist for several years in this manner. It is commonly seen growing in Southeastern interstate highway medians where its spectacular red bloom is the talk of the motorist in mid-spring. Crimson Clover – Good early spring N production, can winter kill some years, more research needed. Carbon/Nitrogen Ratio (C:N): 15:1 – 20:1. Iron chlorosis is a problem on clay loam soils with a pH higher than 7.3. Plant 6-8 weeks before the first frost (early Aug - October) in … 5. As the clover seeding rate increased from 5 to 80 pounds per acre, the yield of clover increased as well as the yield of grass following the clover. For winter annual use, crimson clover should be seeded six to eight weeks before the first average frost date. It is an important and colorful winter annual legume in the South and the Pacific coast, where winters are mild. AU-Robin is a recommended variety to plant but Dixie and Tibbee can be used also if … Depending on how you manage your food plots, crimson clover can provide several benefits. This clover gets its name from the brilliant crimson flowers it produces in the spring (it’s easy to confuse it by name with “red” clover, which is a perennial, and has flowers that are more pink than red). Because it is a legume, nitrogen is not as important in the establishment of pure stands of crimson clover. This in turn depends on proper seeding. With crude protein levels of 16 to 24% and total digestible nutrient (TDN) content ranging from 60 to 70%, Crimson clover establishes and grows fast making it a highly attractive and nutritious food source for deer from late fall into spring. It is also grown in some northern states as a winter or a summer annual. It is better to seed after wheat or small grain is harvested in late summer. Ryegrass (15 lbs/acre) is a good companion for a mix which will reseed the following September. Austrian Winter Peas – Some plants may survive winter, good N production, mix with annual ryegrass or radish. Crimson Clover (per pound). A successful broadcast seeding is directly correlated to the amount of soil moisture or rainfall that is present after the application. Crimson clover can be over-seeded in crops such as corn and used after short rotation crops such as snap beans. It is commonly seen growing in Southeastern interstate highway medians. A fertilizer light in nitrogen but containing adequate amounts of potassium and phosphorus should be used in the absence of a soil test. Broadcast seed at a rate of 20 lbs./acre for a pure stand of crimson clover. Bounty Annual Ryegrass – Reduces soy cyst nematode, non alleopathic, decomposes rapidly, N&P scavenger. Crimson clover grows well in mixtures with small grains, grasses and other clovers. It will not do well in extreme heat or cold. For both hairy vetch and Cahaba white vetch, the rates are 20 to 30 pounds … If mowed, clover can be tilled into the soil immediately to add organic matter or “green manure”. He is now contributing the "Food Plot Species Profile" series in every issue of QDMA's Quality Whitetails magazine. Like other clovers, crimson is highly attractive, nutritious and extremely digestible to deer. It is generally recommended to plant six to eight weeks The first step in forage management is the proper establishment of pasture and hay fields. Hairy vetch. Full seeding rates at 10-15#/acre. Good tolerance of clover scorch. A twenty-five pound seeding rate results in a per acre cost of $37.50. Table 2. Crimson clover should be inoculated before seeding. Disk or till and then smooth the seedbed by cultipacking to prepare for ideal planting conditions. Clover will not fair well at all in dense shade and is not recommended. For summer annual use, plant as soon as the danger of frost has passed. Seedbed preparation is critical when planting small-seeded crops such as crimson clover because you want to avoid burying the seed more than a quarter inch deep. When planting in mixes, go with 10 to 15 lbs./acre of crimson clover and 30 to 40 lbs./acre of oats, wheat or rye. Crimson clover's many benefits include: 1. If possible, cut back brush, trees, etc. Tolerance. If using a drill, seed at 15-18 pounds per acre; if broadcasting, seed at 22-30 pounds per acre. Drill at 12 to 15 pounds per acre. Water: For that reason, this clover is often thrown in the mix when it comes to wildlife seed products. High winter growth rate. Phosphate and potash are the most important fertilizer elements required by crimson, but micronutrients and sulfur can also be limiting. Seed is rounded, yellow and about 3 times larger than most other clovers. Clover can be planted for cool-season production in southern states in early September to October and for summer production in northern states in spring. Crimson clover does not tolerate cold; in northern states it is best planted in spring as a warm-season annual. to all the clover to receive 4 to 6 hours of sunlight a day. They can include increased forage yield, improved forage quality, reduced nitrogen fertilizer costs, dilution of toxic fescue, and good livestock performance. Where winter is above -10°F (-23.3°C), it is sown in late summer, is dormant in winter, resumes growth in spring, and flowers in May. Crimson clover, unlike red clover, does not do well when frost seeded. Seeds can be drilled in at a rate of 10 to 15 lbs./acre. This works well (at least temporarily) when mixed with ryegrass, which will do the same thing. He serves as the department Extension coordinator as well as a state vegetable and fruit specialist. How to Choose Wisely. Suggested seeding rate: Seed 10-15 lbs/acre alone or 4-8 lbs/acre in a mix. Broadcast seed at a rate of 20 lbs./acre for a pure stand of crimson clover. Timely crimson clover ( Trifolium incarnatum L.) establishment is a management challenge for producers in the southeastern United States. Each plant has a slender taproot, with lateral branches. Ideally Crimson clover should be sown at between 2 to 5 kgs/ha in mixes and 10 kgs/ha as a monoculture. Because crimson clover is a legume, the seed should be inoculated with the correct strain of Rhizobium bacteria (strain R) before it is planted. Crimson clover is a cool-season annual (in southern states) that is relatively easy to grow and is more tolerant of poor soils than other clovers. In the US, crimson clover is hardy to Zone 6. Seeding rates and depths vary with legume species (Table 2). Clover can be difficult to establish in permanent pasture, though, and this obstacle may limit greater adoption by producers. Dixie Crimson Clover is great for overseeding horse and cattle pastures in the early fall with rye grass. Seeding rate, depth, and method. Crimson actually establishes better when mixed with a nurse crop such as a small grain. Crimson leaves have a more rounded tip and both stem and leaves have more hair than red clover. Recommended seeding rate: 1-2 pounds per 1000 square feet; 30-40 pounds per acre. Planting of Crimson Clover can occur throughout much of the year depending on the farmer’s goal. Seeding rates for cool-season forages. Water well if the weather is dry. Broadcast inoculated seed over the soil at a rate of one-half pound per 500 square feet of garden. It can also be mowed and left on top of the soil to suppress weeds until planting time. If seeding in a clover mix, reduce rate to 3-5# per acre. Adding arrowleaf clover (10 lbs/acre) to any of the above mixes adds variety and longevity to the mix in the South where winter low temperatures remain above 10oF. Matures in June with crimson flowers on 18 inch plants. The flower head is a rich crimson to red colour and shaped like a cone. Clover will grow in light shade, but not very fast. Check with your local wildlife biologist or county Extension Agent to determine if crimson is adapted to your area and will reseed without disking. Crimson clover seeding rate. When plowed in after the spring it provides an excellent source of nitrogen for a summer planted crop such as millet, corn or sorghum. Crimson can be mixed with rye, wheat or oats if rates of these small grains are held at about 50 lbs/acre. The benefits of establishing clover in grass pasture are well-known. Does not perform well in waterlogged or acid soils. Like crimson clover, hairy vetch is a winter annual legume, but with a much different growth pattern. Earliest maturing clover, which is an advantage when overseeding a hay meadow. Soil testing is the best way to determine if lime needs to be added to adjust the pH. It is best to cultipack both before and after the seed is planted to ensure good soil contact. However, the aggressive nature and heavy reseeding of the ryegrass will eventually choke out the crimson. More upright growth for silage and hay production than subterranean clover. Seeding Rate - Broadcast. Crimson clover prefers a well drained soil and will react poorly to a soil that is heavy in clay, waterlogged or has an extreme pH. Forage crop(s) Seeding rate (per acre) Wheat or Rye or Barley or Oats 2-3 bu Ryegrass 20 lb Crimson clover 20 lb Arrowleaf clover 8 lb Rye or Wheat + Ryegrass 1.5 bu + 15 lb Rye or Wheat + Ryegrass + 1.5 bu + 15 lb + 10 lb Crimson clover Rye or Wheat + Ryegrass + 1.5 bu + 15 lb + 4 lb Arrowleaf clover Table 3. Reseeding Potential. It is very tolerant of soil acidity, but not poor drainage. 6. ft. Cover Crop Recommendation Chart 2. You may want to double your seeding rates if planting in light shade. Seeding rate: 15- 20 lbs/A drilled, 22 to 30 lbs/A broadcast. Crimson clover is not tolerant of extreme drought, heat or cold. Sowing Rate: 1/2 lb - 3/4 lb per 1,000 square feet or 20 to 30 lbs per acre; Biomass. Chances are if you’ve ever bought a commercial cool-season food plot blend, you have probably planted crimson clover. Alfalfa: 20-30---Arrowleaf Clover: 8: 5: Balansa Clover: 5-8: 4: Berseem Clover: 20: 15: Crimson Clover: 15: 12: Red Clover: 12: 8: Subterranean Clover: 15: 12: White Clover: 5: 3: Ball Clover: 5: 3 Seeding rates are similar to winter seeding rates. In warmer climates, crimson will often reseed itself in the early fall if it is mowed in late August and given an application of 0-20-20 fertilizer at a rate of 200 lbs./acre. Seeding Rate (lb/A) Planted in Mixture Seeding Rate (lb/A) Grasses: Tall Fescue: 30: 20: Oats: 100: 60: Cereal Rye: 90: 50: Annual Ryegrass: 30: 20: Wheat: 90: 60: Legumes. Crimson clover looks very typical of clovers and has three relatively dark, rounded leaves and can grow to heights of over two feet. Seed should be planted at about a ¼ inch depth. It can handle a pH as low as 5.7 but prefers soil with a pH from 6.0 to 6.7. Deep rooting habit gives greater spring production than subterranean clover. Drilled Seeding Rate (lb./A) 10-20. All trademarks are either the property of Central Garden & Pet Company, its subsidiaries, divisions, affiliated and/or related companies or the property of their respective owners. Broadcast at 20 pounds per acre. Crimson clover may be the most popular annual clover planted for deer in the entire U.S. Like many other clovers, crimson originated in the Mediterranean region. The seeding rate for Crimson clover is 15-20 lbs per acre if drilled or 20-30 lbs per acre broadcast. Nitrogen credit for succeeding crops (average of at least 30 to 60 lbs/A for fall-planted, spring-killed stands in Michigan) 2. In the South, crimson can successfully reseed in September for several successive years by mowing in late August followed by light disking or even no disking, depending on soil conditions (usually heavy clay soil requires no disking, sandy requires disking). Brilliant crimson flowers with long heads mature from top to bottom. 2 Note -Crimson clover seed should be inoculated for best performance with nitrogen fixing ‘crimson clover’ type inoculant. 3. Shade tolerant and a great summer beneficial insect attractant. As a winter annual, crimson clover can produce 3,500 to 5,500 lb and fix nitro 70 to 150 lb; Beneficial habitat and nectar sourcel; Mixtures. Normal seeding rate is 20 lbs/acre in pure stands and 12 to 15 lbs/acre in mixture with cool season grasses. The recommended seeding rate (broadcast, not drilled) for crimson clover is about 25 pounds of PLS per acre if planting a pure stand. This method involves broa… A larger seed than red clover. Clover can be planted for cool-season production in southern states in early September to October and for summer production in northern states in spring. Bob is an avid bowhunter, preferring to use traditional equipment in the form of a longbow and primitive black powder rifle. Inoculate the seed. Crimson plants have dark green leaves and grow to a height of 1-3 feet.